Star of David Neclace
Every religion has an identity and conviction. There are certain symbols which are believed to be good while others are said to represent bad. In Judaism, a star with six points is recognized as the Shield of David. It is associated with Jewish identity. Even though no one knows about the origin of the symbol, it has been used since medieval period. The star or the Shield of David as it is called is also a title for Israel’s God.

People believe that King David was protected by divine powers which helped him restore his dynasty. The king won as he had God’s support and this is why at present, it is perceived to be sign that God protects its people.
The star’s six points refer to the fact that God rules the whole universe that is all the six directions: East, west, north, south as well as down and up.
When related to Jews, the hexagram was used in 11th century buy then it was used as symbol of Jews community only since the 17th century. While Christians of Europe followed the cross, the Jews followed the star. One can notice that the Jewish tombstones have the Star of David since the 18th century.

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The Jews of Europe above 6 years of age had to wear a yellow colored star in the areas occupied by Nazis. But nowadays the color of a star is blue instead of yellow. Since 1948, even the Israeli flag has a blue colored star on the white background along with two horizontal blue lines. 
In several parts of the world, the modern synagogues have the flag of Israel displayed prominently. It is displayed in front of the synagogue, close to the ark with Torah scrolls.
Nowadays, Star of David is also worn as various forms of jewelry like earrings, necklace, bracelets etc. These are mostly blue or silver and blue. However, there are other colors as well. The star is worn as a reminder of the Shield of David. It depicts that Israel’s God is at all times with the people. People who are not Jews wear the star to show solidarity with the Jewish community and Israel. Some individuals wear jewelry that has pieces with blessing inscribed on them. Jewelry with a star that has Mazal engraved on it is worn for good fortune as the word Mazal means good luck.

Mezuzah Case by Agayof, Israel
 Importance of the Amazing Mezuzah Cases: Admirable Jewish Art
Jewish art has been famous all over the world but the typical Jewish art is found in houses of people. There are blessings, Ketubahs and prayers which are made by hand. One will find related artwork in every household which depicts the importance people give to it. The Mezuzah is one thing that every Jewish house has. This is why more and more artists are now devoting time and putting in best efforts to create attractive Mezuzah cases. It is undoubtedly an admirable form of ancient Jewish art.

What is a Mezuzah?
The Mezuzah is the unique part of parchment which is engraved by hand using two pieces of Torah. It symbolizes the presence of God and reminds people of their duty and necessity to follow his orders. Mezuzah cases are developed for doors for protecting the engraving. The Kosher Mezuzah is a biblical order which is intricate and therefore, not everyone can write it. This is written in Torah script using special ink. This is why this work is done by a certified and experienced person. The Mezuzah then is placed inside a case and then hung on doors and entrances of houses as well as offices and stores.

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About the Mezuzah Case
The case is made with an aim to save the parchment from getting destroyed. But then with time and harsh weather conditions, the ink fades and thus after sometime new one is required. Apart from the protection of parchment, the case is also an attempt to beautify Mitzvot as per Torah’s orders. Therefore, the case is made such that it looks beautiful. This is why one can find numerous patterns and designs. The cost of the case increases with the intricacy of work done on it. Expensive cases are usually made of metals with gold or silver coating. There are cases made of wood and glass which are decorated using colorful beads, gems and crystals.
There are varieties of designs that one cannot even imagine of. Judaica signs are inscribed on most of them. People, who want something unique, go for rectangular shaped cases that have a traditional look. Cases are available in other shapes as well like the ones in the form of olive trees. There are cases in which the parchment can be rolled and put for proper protection.
Nowadays, one can even find cases designed for special occasions like wedding. These have figures depicting a Chuppah or newlywed couple. Those who want Mezuzah cases according to children’s room can go for simple or animal figures. Since there are different designs for every occasion, these are a good gift for dear ones. One can even get prayers engraved on the cases which provide further protection for the family and house.
With several designs and appearance, one can change the case at home and office regularly. One can go online and get beautiful cases with intricate artwork without much effort in no time. There is something for everyone from traditional to contemporary. The Mezuzah cases undoubtedly are a commendable art that enhances beauty of the home and gives protection.

How to affix Mezuzah Video

Hanukkah is the festival of lights where Menorahs play a symbolic part. This festival is also known as winter holiday. It is celebrated with full enthusiasm and people meet each other, exchange presents and light Menorahs. Word Hanukkah is also spelled as Hanukah or Hanukkah. In mid-second century B.C.E, the Jews fought against the Greek rulers and were victorious. This festival celebrates that victory.

The Story behind the Celebration
About 2300 years ago; many generations after the rule of Alexander the Great ended, Antiochus IV was handed over the control of entire Greek empire. His empire included the present Israel (then Judea). Earlier Alexander was open to all cultures and people could practice their religion and tradition without any interference. However, King Antiochus bought about an unacceptable change with him. He ordered all Jews to worship Greek Gods instead of following their own culture and religion. All Jewish holy places were destroyed so that no one could dishonor his order. He even appointed Greek priests who got pigs sacrificed in the Jewish temples so that they could no longer be worshipped. Those who did not follow his orders had to face severe consequences and were killed. In such conditions, while few Jewish people decided to go by the orders, others refused to do so. Amongst the rebellion was a father (Mattathias the Hasmonean) along with his lad (Judah Maccabee). They built an army to fight against the king and free themselves by defeating him. They wanted freedom to worship their God and follow their own traditions. Their army was called the Maccabees meaning hammer. The battle lasted for 3 long years and finally Maccabees were victorious. They reclaimed the Temple of Jerusalem.

The first thing that Jewish people did was cleaning the temple and start worshiping of God in the temple. People washed the entire temple and then removed all Greek symbols as well the idols that were placed. This is when word ‘Hanukkah’ was used. It means rededication of the temple after the victory. At this time, people also lit the temple’s Menorah. But then very less oil was left in the Menorah as large quantities of oil was impure. People found one small flask with oil in one temple chamber which was sufficient to light the Menorah for one single evening. But then something unusual happened. The oil in the Menorah lasted for eight nights. Since then, Menorahs have eight candles and the festival is celebrated for eight days.
The presence of the Menorah in Holy Temple with seven branches is mentioned even in the Torah, the Hebrew Bible. It has a detailed description about the structure made of one piece of metal gold. Hanukkah Menorah lit during the celebration is a mark of respect for the seven branched Menorah in Holy Temple.

Doves Menorah by Ester Shahaf
Celebrating the Festival of Lights
Everyone lights Menorahs with eight candles representing each night. There is a ninth holder which is set slightly above the rest holders. It is called Shamash and is used to light other candles. The Hanukkah Menorah reminds of the miraculous incident that occurred long ago. People pray before lighting the candles every night. Earlier, olive oil was used in Menorahs but nowadays, candles of different colors are lit.
People in Israel call Hanukkah Menorah as Hanukiyah. As per tradition, one candle is lit on the first night, two on the second night and the number increases till on the eighth night all candles in Menorah are lit. After the prayer and lighting the Menorah, people exchange gifts, eat traditional foods and celebrate the festival. Usually fried food like potato pancakes and jelly doughnuts are consumed since it reminds of oil that led to the miracle.

Unique, handpainted Judaica gifts by Israeli artist Tzuki.

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Amnon David Ar is an Israeli painter. He examined within the Crafts and humanities Municipal Secondary School of Tel Aviv until age 18. After finishing his compulsory military service, he examined anatomy with Oswald Adler. He then spent twelve several weeks within the Bezalel Academy of Design and humanities in Jerusalem, before departing, as they felt that both training as well as the curriculum didn’t give you the capabilities and understanding he was trying to find.[1] Due to this, Ar made a decision to set up their very own studies, and spent one more year learning painting and drawing with Abraham Bykov.[2] By studying with older artists, Ar has trained themselves in the traditional way, and could, no less than simply, be regarded an autodidact.[3] Throughout his studies, Ar labored just like a chief illustrator and caricaturist at Maariv (newspaper) at Yedioth Tikshoret.[1] Today, Ar also shows painting and drawing, while using express goal of passing onto generation x of artists, his experience, by using it his understanding from the artistic capabilities of history.

Ar offers and draws his surrounds - both people and everyday objects he finds around him in Tel Aviv. He's carrying this out, getting a realist technique, frequently selecting to fresh fresh paint objects which are worn, rather than pristine. Robert Fishko, director in the Forum Gallery New You'll be able to states: "Ar loves the rich quantity of forms in visual reality. Instead of hiding or improving its defects, he focuses on these with enthusiasm."

Dr. Bob Van Family room Boogert, Curator in the Rembrandt House Museum in Amsterdam, states: "Ar loves the rich quantity of forms in visual reality and instead of hiding or improving its defects he focuses on these with an eagerness that recalls Rembrandt's predilection for 'picturesque' subjects ... The rendering from the body still is an artistic niche which - especially nowadays - basically a few artists really master. Ar is an of those: his female nudes are modelled so delicately, as well as the texture of your skin is created within this convincing way, they showed up at existence round the canvas."

Dr Van Family room Boogert continues: "Ar is probably the great draughtsmen of all time. He works extremely well in rapid sketches, but furthermore in very detailed studies, carried out graphite and charcoal, or possibly in white-colored pencil on black paper. The functional energy as well as the plasticity of his sketches have such graphic qualities, that particular miracles why he isn't attempted his capabilities on graphic art yet. But that could be among his future projects: possibly the most effective is yet later on.Inch

Albert Almoznino (born 1923) is an Israeli hands shadow artist. He acquired worldwide recognition inside the years 1958-1975 because he completed his hands shadow capabilities before thousands of people at Radio City Music Hall New You'll be able to, Paris Olympia, Reno Nevada, "The Erection dysfunction Sullivan Show" together with other areas.

Albert Almoznino was produced in Mogador (Essaouira), Morocco mole in 1923. He immigrated to Israel because he was 25 years or so old. In early years just like a new citizen he was producing his money by teaching art in elementary school. In 1953 he increased to become lab specialist at Weizmann Institute of Science and labored there, excluding time his performances abroad, until his retirement.

He completed only becoming an amateur until Erection dysfunction Sullivan discovered him in a number of artists organized in Israel. Sullivan first featured him on his television type in 1958 together with Itzhak Perlman, Nechama Hendel plus much more gifted youthful Israelis. Only at that tour he was guest artist in many more Tv shows like "What's My Line?" and "In reality". In 1965-1971 he ongoing tours at New You'll be able to, Paris and Reno, Nevada to complete within the great music halls like Radio City Music Hall and Paris Olympia.

In 1975 he was undertaking in Nigeria together with Yehoram Gaon and Dudu Topaz. Ever since then he perform in several Tv shows in Israel too as with children's VCR tapes.

Furthermore to his hands shadow art, Almoznino is a very common Israeli painter and stained glass maker. He displayed his works in many shows in Rishon Lezion, his home town, Tel Aviv, and Ashdod.
Leonid Afremov (born 12 This summer time 1955 in Vitebsk, Belarus) Russian-Israeli modern impressionistic artist who works mainly getting a palette knife and oils. He developed their own technique and magnificence that's unshakable. Afremov is primarily known just like a self-representing artist who encourages and sells his work exclusively on the web with almost no shows and participation of retailers and galleries.

Just before the development of online sales and eBay, Afremov will be a fighting artist. He was produced in Vitebsk, Belarus, and were living there until 1990. Between 1990 and 2002 he were living in Israel, and from 2002 to 2010 in Boca Raton, Florida. Afremov presently resides inside the popular resort town Playa del Carmen, Quintana Roo, Mexico, near Cancun. He offers mainly landscape, city moments, seascapes, flowers and portraits. Nearly all his tasks are considered very colorful and politically neutral.

On 17 May 1990 the Afremov family became a member of Israel in Ben Gurion Airport terminal Terminal. They have to quit their Soviet citizenship for Israeli. To this day, Leonid Afremov and also the family are people of Israel only. The Afremovs had some family in Israel who had were living there since the seventies and eighties. Mentioned family leased a flat on their own account in Ramat-Gan and aided those to start their new existence in Israel. A few days after moving to Israel, Leonid Afremov found employment inside an advertisement agency making signs and posters. We've spent inside an advertisement agency, he labored in the gallery shop where he learned to produce frames, being introduced towards the palette knife the first time.

As they will be a recent Russian immigrant, the neighborhood people considered his behave as getting little value. Galleries needed pieces of art for 50 shekels (15USD) and were selling them for 500 to 5000 shekels. When Leonid faced galleries in regards to the very economical prices, he always received the identical answer: "a Russian immigrant, a brand new little bit of junk, (sic) you haven't any choice." The galleries rejected to promote his use percentage commissions due to the fact he will be a Russian immigrant. He only agreed to be given a range of a pittance for each painting which needed every day to produce. Afremov felt like he was utilized and discriminated with the galleries as well as the Israeli society similar to he was with the Soviet Government. He attemped to promote at street festivals and shows in local social clubs. However, it absolutely was difficult because of the social stigma of Russian immigrants. His wife was instructed to possess a low-needing to pay job in the textile factory.

Through the first the 19 nineties, Leonid Afremov was mainly coping with watercolors and acrylic. He was experimentation almost no with while using palette knife. He was painting what people were buying, with almost no artistic freedom. In 1993, the Afremov family purchased a condo in Ashdod since it might be an urban area of mainly Russian immigrants. Leonid Afremov wanted to avoid constant insults and discrimination by moving to where mainly Russians live. However, the city was mainly residential, without many options, and Afremov did not have choice but to keep dealing with the neighborhood individuals the Tel Aviv area.

In 1994, from extreme desperation, his 16-year-old boy Dmitry tried to market Leonid's pieces of art door-to-door across the neighborhood, This practice shown itself very effective, and Afremov out of the blue started selling many pieces he colored and was getting slightly better money than from selling right to galleries. Dmitry shown themselves to become good door-to-door sales rep. He was selling Leonid's pieces of art inside the new towns where recent Russian Immigrants been around. In 1995, Leonid acquired enough funds to start their very own gallery and frame shop in Ashdod. The gallery wasn't well-loved by local Israelis it absolutely was mainly visited by fellow Russian immigrants. The gallery was vandalized and broken into on several occasions. The area Israeli newspapers were decreasing to create advertisements for Afremov's Gallery, which he was mainly advertising via Russian immigrant press and radio station. However, artistic freedom could not be accomplished completely.

Through the late the 19 nineties, Leonid was constantly holding shows in Russian community centers around Israel otherwise the entrance doors were closed as they will be a Russian immigrant. Throughout this time around around he already labored mainly getting a palette knife and oils, he began developing a distinctive artistic identity, nonetheless it had been difficult to fresh fresh paint what he wanted because of the obligations as well as the picky clients. Around 1999, Leonid increased being pals with Russian-speaking Israeli jazz music artist Leonid Ptashka, who inspired Afremov to fresh fresh paint an amount of portraits of popular jazz artists and aided him secure a effective exhibition inside the Worldwide Jazz Festival in Ashdod. Ever since then, Leonid Afremov has colored a lot of his favorite artists.

In March 2001, Afremov's gallery was completely vandalized. A lot of pieces of art were destroyed, the artistic equipment stolen as well as the facility changed into big chunks of rock. Then Leonid made a decision arrived to move elsewhere where they're given deserved respect, eventually moving for the USA within the month of the month of january 2002.